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Trade Mark - Legal Proceedings Certificate

Obtaining a trademark registration certificate is a significant milestone for any business or individual seeking to protect their intellectual property. It signifies official recognition and grants certain exclusive rights over the registered trademark. However, it is crucial to understand that a trademark registration certificate, despite its significance, has certain limitations that individuals or entities need to be aware of. This blog explores why a trademark registration certificate alone cannot be used as conclusive proof of trademark registration and delves into the legal provisions that impose these restrictions.


The Legal Framework

Rule 56(2) of the Trademark Rules, 2017, and Section 137 of the Trade Marks Act, 1999, together establish the legal basis for these limitations. These provisions are meant to clarify the role and scope of a trademark registration certificate in legal proceedings and international registration applications.


Rule 56(2) of the Trademark Rules, 2017:

Rule 56(2) clearly states that "The certificate of registration referred to in sub-rule (1) shall not be used in legal proceedings or for obtaining registration abroad. The certificate issued under section 137 shall be used for these purposes."


Section 137 of the Trade Marks Act, 1999:

Section 137 of the Trade Marks Act, 1999, holds significant importance in this context. It outlines the admissibility of a certified copy of an entry in the trademark register as evidence in legal proceedings. This section specifically allows a copy of any entry in the register, certified by the Registrar and sealed with the seal of the Trade Marks Registry, to be admitted in evidence in all courts and proceedings. This copy is considered "prima facie evidence," which means it is accepted as sufficient proof unless proven otherwise.


Legal Proceedings Certificate of the trade mark must show the mark, date of application, date of user claimed, conditions and disclaimers if any, assignments and licenses granted, renewals etc.


The Implications

The implications of these legal provisions are clear. While receiving a trademark registration certificate is a crucial step in protecting your intellectual property, it is not the end of the process. It is important to understand that the certificate itself, as explicitly mentioned on its face, cannot be used as conclusive proof in legal proceedings or for obtaining trademark registration abroad.


In summary, a trademark registration certificate is an essential document that confirms your trademark's registration in a specific jurisdiction. However, it is not a one-size-fits-all document that can be used as conclusive proof in all situations. Legal proceedings and international trademark registrations require additional documentation and evidence to establish your rights effectively. Therefore, it is essential to be aware of the limitations of the certificate and to understand the legal provisions governing its use. While the certificate signifies a significant achievement, it is not the final step in safeguarding your intellectual property.

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